Invest your readers in the problem.

by | Sep 16, 2022 | English


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For this essay, you will select a problem that affects Houston Texas– one that you want to see solved. Pick any problem you wish – as long as it relates to Houston Texas. You will work with this problem all semester. You will write about this problem in Modules 2 and 3. You will use this problem for the Persuasive Letters assignment and the Final Presentation – among other assignments. Choose wisely.

Before you suggest ways to solve this problem in future assignments, and before you convince others to help you solve this problem in future assignments, you will first investigate the causes of this problem. This essay will discuss the primary causes of the problem you have selected – thus its name: Causal Analysis Essay.

Please note that you will likely have to heavily research this topic because most of you have little to no idea about how this problem started or the causes that lead to its creation. So, your essay will be filled with citations (Links to an external site.). If you write even one paragraph that doesn’t include a source, you are likely not writing this essay correctly.

I suggest you follow this basic outline.

Introduction: Introduce the topic, assuming the readers do not know the writing prompt. Make sure your introduction grabs the readers’ attention. Use at least one introduction strategy (Links to an external site.). Invest your readers in the problem. Make them care about it. End the introduction by stating your thesis statement, which should include a forecasting statement (sub-divisions) (Links to an external site.). Make sure your reasons for holding your position are clear.

A basic thesis statement could look like: [X Problem] is a troublesome problem in Houston caused primary by [Cause 1], [Cause 2], [Cause 3], and [Cause 4]. Every cause you will discuss in the essay should be listed in your thesis statement in the order that they will appear in the body of the essay. The number of causes is up to you.

Body Paragraphs: Each of the reasons introduced in your first paragraph should now be placed in a separate paragraph or paragraphs and supported with details and examples. Follow the MEAL PLAN for each body paragraph. ANALYZE and EXPLAIN. Use evidence, examples, direct quotations, events, and people to support your paragraphs.

Conclusion: End your piece in a strong and interesting way. Sum up your main argument, but also include a strong conclusion strategy. You might want to predict what the future holds if the problem you are examining is not fixed. What are the implications of the problem if it is ignored, for instance?

Works Cited: Make sure to cite all of your sources, even those you do not directly quote in your essay. Information and ideas must be cited as well. You must have at least five credible, reliable, scholarly, and trustworthy sources (Links to an external site.). If you include even one source that is not credible, I will return your essay ungraded.

Let me be clear — this part of the assignment is non-negotiable: papers without research or citations will be returned – ungraded. If you don’t have the required number of credible sources (Links to an external site.), I won’t grade the essay. If you use unreliable sources, such as Wikipedia,, and so on, I will not grade your essay.


Main Idea: Your topic sentence stating the concrete claim the paragraph is advancing.

Evidence: Paraphrase or direct quotations from the source material you are using to support your topic sentence’s claim.

Analysis: Your explanation and evaluation of the evidence; explaining the evidence you provided and its relevance in your own words.

Lead Out: Concluding; preparing your reader to transition to the next paragraph (and the next claim).



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