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Topic of this week: Consider a patient centered issue you have observed recently. Formulate a research question related to that issue. Identify the independent and dependent variable, hypothesis and type of hypothesis. What type of research study design would you use to address that issue, what type of sampling or sampling strategy would you use? Defend your choices with support from your textbook or other peer-reviewed journal source.
Discuss the answer of two of your classmates:
Classmate 1: Patient-related issues include avoidable medical errors, a lack of transparency, trouble finding skilled physicians, nurse or physician shortages, and so on. My research would focus on the impact of lack of transparency on healthcare. Recognizing that this has been a long-standing problem in our healthcare system, the first question that comes to mind is: “What steps have been taken to improve the lack of transparency in the US healthcare system? The hypothesis, in contrast to the current scenario, would be: “The general public can only expect improved health outcomes if the healthcare system is honest about its processes and operations. Simultaneously, if the lack of transparency persists, the public may face even more negative effects.
An experimental strategy could be employed in a process of research and analysis of the subject at hand, employing a simple random sampling of patients from a public hospital. For instance, divide participants into two groups. The independent variable would be one of the groups. This group would receive education and training on all aspects of the issue, including sharing information with the public about billing, deductibles, price, access, and so on. The 2nd group, or the controlled group, would get no education or training. After that, an evaluation can be done to analyze the data and gather the results, which represent the dependent variable, by evaluating how the education provided improved or changed the way the patients understand and manage their health, as well as any improvements obtained in comparison to the control group. Suggestions for how to tackle the problem can be offered in the conclusion as examples and guidance. “It is vital that we help people find the best medicine for them at a price they can afford. Transparency can also be cultivated by developing trustworthy relationships, cultivating a learning culture, and encouraging open communication.” (McLeod,2018).
Bauer, K. (2020). (tho)roughly explained: The impact of algorithmic transparency on beliefs and decision making. AEA Randomized Controlled Trials. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.6854-1.1 (Links to an external site.)
McLeod, S. (2018). What is a Hypothesis. Simply Psychology. https://doi.org/https://www.simplypsychology.org/what-is-a-hypotheses.html (Links to an external site.)
Transparency healthcare continuum. (2015). Healthcare Fraud, 93–96
Classmate 2: One patient-centered issue I have been observing lately is the emotional support and alleviation of fear patients need. It is very important to provide the best health care possible. Medical experts need to have great communication with the patients so they can feel protected and that they are under the supervision of the correct people. My research question is, How important is providing emotional support and anxiety alleviation to patients? The independent variable is the connection the nurses have with the patients and the dependent variable is the happiness and comfort of the patient. The better the communication and understanding between the health care provider and the patient the less anxiety and emotional support the patient will need. The hypothesis to my research question is if health care workers provide the best emotional support to the patients, they will feel an alleviation of anxiety. The type of hypothesis is a simple hypothesis because it shows the relationship between one dependent variable and a single independent variable. The type of study and research design would be a systematic review. Systematic identifies the focus of a study and a specific topic (Kapoor, 2016). I belive stratified sampling would be best for this research study because I am able to have a more persice answer on how important emotional support is for the patients and how it can change their lives. Stratified sampling involves dividing the popution into subpopulation for example a group of patients who receive lack of communication and emotional support and the other group does receive these supports. This will allow the researcher to identify better how much can it impact a patient.
Hein, E. C., & Leavitt, M. B. (1982). Providing Emotional Support to Patients. Nursing, 12(6), 127–129. https://doi-org.westcoastuniversity.idm.oclc.org/10.1097/00152193-198206000-00013
Kapoor, M. C. (2016). Types of studies and research design. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, 60(9), 18–22. https://doi-org.westcoastuniversity.idm.oclc.org/10.4103/0019-5049.190616
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